According to the existent oral memory of the elders, before 12, 13 generations, under the leading of the tribal elders LkmButa, LkmYaboh, LkmAyan etc, the ancestors of Atayal people in Dahan river basin moved from the ancestral homeland, the area of Sbayan (Rueiyan tribe, Fasiang village, Renai township, Nantou County nowadays), traced gong Bnaqiy(Beigang river) northwards, crossed quri Tminan (Songling under the western peak of Mt. Hehuan, the area of Tian Pond, Fushoushan Farm of Veterans Affairs Council nowadays), then went the northern section of Central Mountain Range and the crest line of Syue Mountain along and moved northwards, explored every river basin to look for the new place to extend the lifeline of tribe. They passed by Slamaw(Sihlamao tribe, Lishan village, Heping township, Taichung County nowadays), Sqoyaw(Huanshan tribe, Pingdeng village, Heping township, Taichung County nowadays), then moved from quri Sqabu (the border between Heping township,Taichung County and Datong township, Yilan County, the section of Siyuan wind gap, Yilan branch of central cross-island highway ) to the west, went the branch of the northern crest line of Papak waqa (Mt. Dabajian) along, went gong Tqzing (Takejin river, the upstream of Dahan river) downstream, then propagated and grew individually in hbun Hibung (the area which the rivers converge under Jhensibao tribe, Siouluan village, Jianshih township, Hsinchu County nowadays) , hbun Bilaq (the area which rivers converge in the section of Yutai tribe, Yufong village, Jianshih township, Hsinchu County nowadays), hbun Gogan (the area which rivers converge in Hualing village and Sanguang village, Fusing township, Taoyuan County nowadays),llyung Stunux(The area of Mt. Jiaoban, Fusing township,Taoyuan County nowadays) in the upstream of Dahan river basin. These sites developed seperately to be four regions, Jinaji(Mknazi), Maliguang(Mrqwang), Kaaowan (Mkgogan), Takekan(Msbtunux)guarding the traditional fields in the area of the upstream of Dahan river basin, Syue Mountain, and coexisting with the nature which breeds the tribal life, culture.


The geographic spaces (the midstream, upstream of Dahan river basin) composed of tradtional fields, hbun Hibung, hbun Bilaq (the upstream of Dahan river basin, the present district is belonged to Jianshih township, Hsinchu County) where Jinaji (Mknazi) group and Maliguang (Mrqwang) group live for generations, hbun Gogan, llyung Stunux(the midstream of Dahan river basin, the present district is belonged to Fusing township, Taoyuan County) where Kaaowan(Mkgogan)group and Takekan(Msbtunux)group live for generations are the regions with the largest population and tribes (There are 90 tribes accounting for 65 percent of the total tribes of Atayal). When they face the external aggression, the martial alliances (qutux phaban)of the groups across the regions in the river basins display the collective will to unitedly defend the existence of Tayal (Atayal).